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Een jaar na de coup van 28 juni 2009 leek president Zelaya van de aardbodem verdwenen. Tijdens de verkiezingen van november 2009 zat hij vast in de Braziliaanse Ambassade in Tegucigalpa, maar na de inauguratie van Lobo heeft men hem laten gaan. Achter de schermen wordt met hem onderhandeld over een diplomatieke oplossing. Er werd een akkoord bereikt tussen Zelaya en Lobo, het Cartagena akkoord, en op 28 mei 2011 keerde Zelaya officieel terug naar Honduras! De hele bevolking juichte, maar het bleek een diplomatieke zet met een stinkend staartje. Hoewel de VN de regering van Lobo heeft erkend, was Honduras niet opnieuw toegelaten tot de OAS (hun devies: For Democracy and Peace). Enige dagen na de terugkeer van Zelaya was dit opeens in kannen en kruiken! Dit is wel het meest merkwaardige moment in het verhaal van de coup van Honduras.

Ook in de linkse media van de VS werd de terugkeer van Zelaya met gejuich begroet en verslagen. Amy Goodman van Democracy Now ging zelfs persoonlijk naar Honduras! Op Democracy Now verscheen het ene artikel na het andere. Zelaya, zijn zoon Hector, zijn vrouw Xiomara Castro en zijn minister van cultuur Pastor Fasquelle kwamen uitgebreid aan het woord. Zij vertellen dat de coup werd georganiseerd door wat zij het Empire van de VS noemen, waarbij de School of the Americas een grote rol speelde. Ze noemen de namen van alle betrokkenen en beschrijven gedetailleerd de gebeurtenissen van 2009. Klik voor de details en video’s op de headline. Een ding zegt men er echter niet bij: deel van de deal voor de terugkeer van Zelaya was kennelijk dat Honduras weer zou worden toegelaten tot de OAS!

De deal tussen Lobo en Zelaya is bekonkeld in de cocaïnestaat Colombia, met als getuigen de presidenten Santos van Colombia en Hugo Chavez van het socialistische Venezuela. Zelaya mag in Honduras de leider worden van de Resistance Party, die een officiële politieke partij wordt. Ook zal er een commissie worden ingesteld om de grondwet te herschrijven en zo voort. Op 1 juni 2011 werd Honduras met vrijwel algemene stemmen weer toegelaten als lid van de OAS, met als enige tegenstemmer Equador! Dit land werd onder president Rafael Correa in 2009 lid van de ALBA. Waarom de andere ALBA-landen niet tegenstemden, blijft een raadsel! Paul Jay van The Real News vroeg waarom Hugo Chavez zich aansloot bij deze deal. Antwoord: Honduras werd opgeofferd voor een betere relatie tussen Venezuela en Colombia, opdat er een organisatie kan worden gevormd van Latijns Amerikaanse landen, zonder de VS en Canada.

Zelaya Returns to Honduras, 28 mei 2011

LIVE BLOG: Democracy Now! Reports On Manuel Zelaya’s Historic Return to Honduras May 30, 2011

Amy Goodman is reporting today on the return of President Manuel Zelaya as he returns to Honduras after a 23-month exile following the coup d’etat that began June 28, 2009. It was the first military coup in Central America in a quarter century. Zelaya landed at the Toncontín airport in Tegucigalpa, Honduras at about 4:30 p.m. EDT. Democracy Now! will report on Zelaya’s return to Honduras throughout the weekend and will post reports and updates on this page, our Tumblr page and on Twitter. Reports in Spanish will be available on the Democracy Now! en Español website.

AUDIO: “A Return to Democracy in Honduras?” Amy Goodman Reports on Zelaya’s Return to Honduras May 30, 2011

The deal that was brokered in Colombia, called the Cartagena Agreement, was witnessed by the presidents of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, and Colombia, President [Juan Manuel] Santos. The deal was worked out between ousted president Manual Zelaya and the current president of Honduras Porfirio Lobo. They have agreed on a number of points. Among them that President Zelaya and over 200 exiles can return safely home. That there will be a constitutional assembly that will be allowed to be set up. That the party that now Manuel Zelaya heads called the Resistance will be guaranteed to be able to be a legal political party. And that a Secretariat for Justice and Human Rights will be set up to deal with the terrible human rights situation in Honduras.

Out of Exile: Exclusive Report on Ousted Honduran President Zelaya’s Return Home 23 Months After U.S.-Backed Coup, 31 mei 2011

In a Democracy Now! global broadcast exclusive, we take you on the plane of ousted Honduran President Manuel Zelaya as he and his family return home after almost two years in exile. We speak with Zelaya, ousted Honduran foreign minister Patricia Rodas, Honduran exile René Guillermo Amador, and former Colombian senator Piedad Córdoba, one of the many representatives of Latin American countries who accompanied Zelaya home. We also speak to Father Roy Bourgeois of School of the Americas Watch on the role U.S.-trained generals played in the 2009 coup. “This military coup had real connections to the School of the Americas. The two top generals, the key players in this military coup — the head of the air force, the head of the army — were graduates of the School of the Americas,” said Bourgeois. [includes rush transcript]

Exclusive Interview with Manuel Zelaya on the U.S. Role in Honduran Coup, WikiLeaks and Why He Was Ousted 31 mei 2011

Shortly after Manuel Zelaya returned to his home this weekend for the first time since the 2009 military coup d’état, he sat down with Democracy Now! for an exclusive interview. He talks about why he believes the United States was behind the coup, and what exactly happened on June 28, 2009, when hooded Honduran soldiers kidnapped him at gunpoint and put him on a plane to Costa Rica, stopping to refuel at Palmerola, the U.S. military base in Honduras. “This coup d’état was made by the right wing of the United States,” Zelaya says. “The U.S. State Department has always denied, and they continue to deny, any ties with the coup d’état. Nevertheless, all of the proof incriminates the U.S. government. And all of the actions that were taken by the de facto regime, or the golpista regime, which are those who carried out the coup, favor the industrial policies and the military policies and the financial policies of the United States in Honduras.” [includes rush transcript]

Out of Exile: Part II of Exclusive Report on Ousted Honduran President Zelaya’s Return 2 Years After U.S.-Backed Coup, 1 juni 2011

We continue our coverage of the historic return of ousted Honduran president, Manuel Zelaya, who on June 28, 2009, was kidnapped at gunpoint and put on a plane to Costa Rica in a coup orchestrated in part by two generals trained in the United States. Scores of peasants, teachers, journalists, farmers have been assassinated since the coup. This week 87 U.S. Congress members sent a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton calling for the suspension of aid to the Honduran military and police until steps are taken to hold security forces accountable for human rights abuses. “Defense and security forces have to exist,” Zelaya says in an interview with Democracy Now! at his home in Tegucigalpa. “But violence always will be the worst method in order to correct either political or social problems. Poverty and corruption cannot be battled with more arms, but with more democracy.” [includes rush transcript]

Zelaya’s Son Héctor: The Honduran Resistance Helped Pave the Way for Our Return, 31 mei 2011

We speak with Héctor Zelaya, son of former Honduran President Manuel Zelaya, as he accompanies his father home after the military coup d’état that led to his ouster on June 28, 2009. “I [cannot] think of any president that went into exile and defeated the exile in the first two years. I’m grateful for our people and all the resistance in my country,” Héctor Zelaya says. “Because of their fight against the coup and getting their rights and fighting for their rights, we have our president back in his country and back in his house.” [includes rush transcript]

Massive Turnout for Zelaya Launches New Chapter of Honduran Struggle, 1 juni 2011

Zelaya’s Return: Neither Reconciliation nor Democracy in Honduras, 1 juni 2011

Manuel Zelaya’s return has raised hopes of a Honduran reconciliation and a readmission to the Organization of American States. But Adrienne Pine, an American University professor who has worked extensively in Honduras, says the country is no closer to reconciliation than it was in the months following the June 2009 coup. “In order for there to be reconciliation, there needs to be justice,” Pine says. “The ongoing state violence needs to end.” [includes rush transcript]

Former Honduran Minister: U.S. Undoubtedly Played Central Role in Zelaya Coup, 1 juni 2011

After masked soldiers kidnapped the democratically elected president Manuel Zelaya on June 28, 2009, and flew him to a U.S. military base in Honduras and then onto Costa Rica, hundreds of Hondurans, fearing for their lives, went into exile. Zelaya’s former minister of culture, Rodolfo Pastor Fasquelle, was one of them. After he fled Honduras, Pastor joined Harvard University as a visiting professor where he taught courses on Latin American history. Now back in Honduras, Pastor says he is certain the United States helped engineer the coup. Democracy Now! spoke to him in Tegucigalpa over the weekend while reporting on the return trip of Zelaya to Honduras. [includes rush transcript]

Xiomara Castro, Wife of Manuel Zelaya, on Returning to Honduras and Her Rumored Bid for the Honduran Presidency, 1 juni 2011

Much of the buzz surrounding Manuel Zelaya’s return to Honduras centered on whether his wife, Xiomara Castro, will run for president. During a press conference on Sunday, Zelaya said, “The one who is engaged in politics is the first lady. I’m just a simple citizen.” In an interview with Democracy Now! in Honduras, Castro addresses the prospect of seeking office and her thoughts upon returning from exile. [includes rush transcript]

“Hope and Resistance in Honduras” By Amy Goodman, 1 juni 2011

The current Honduran government agreed to allow Zelaya’s return to gain readmission into the Organization of American States in an attempt to shed Honduras’ pariah status in Latin America for the coup.

Pariah to Latin America, but not the United States. Even though President Barack Obama early on called Zelaya’s ouster “a coup,” the U.S. government soon dropped the term. But there is no other word for it. On Sunday, I spoke with Zelaya in his home. He recounted what happened.

Ultimately, more important to Honduras is not just the return of Zelaya, but the return of democracy. Zelaya was gaining popular support for policies like a 60 percent increase in the minimum wage, the plan to take over the U.S. Palmerola air base and use it as the civilian airport in place of the notoriously dangerous Toncontin International Airport, plans to distribute land to peasant farmers, and to join ALBA, the regional cooperative bloc developed to diminish the economic domination of the United States. On the day he was deposed, Zelaya was holding a nonbinding straw poll to assess if the population wanted to hold a national constituent assembly to evaluate possible changes to the constitution. That, he explains, is why he was deposed.

Secretary of State Clinton and close friend Lanny Davis, who is working as a powerful lobbyist for the coup regime, have pushed hard for the legitimization of the current Lobo government, despite Clinton’s own State Department cable titled “Open and Shut: The Case of the Honduran Coup,” released by WikiLeaks, that the coup was clearly illegal.

Honduras rejoins OAS, Ecuador votes no, 3 juni 2011

Chavez, Colombia and the Zelaya Deal, 20 juni 2011

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